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Sebaceous Carcinoma

Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that arises from the sebaceous glands. Our company, a leading expert in the field of rare disease research and drug development, offers comprehensive services for the development of therapies and diagnostics for sebaceous carcinoma.

Introduction to Sebaceous Carcinoma

Sebaceous carcinoma, also known as sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGc), is a rare malignant tumor that originates from the sebaceous glands. These glands are responsible for producing sebum, an oily substance that lubricates the skin and hair. Sebaceous carcinoma primarily affects the eyelids, accounting for approximately 1-5% of all eyelid malignancies. However, it can also occur in other sites such as the head and neck region, salivary glands, and genital area.

Pathogenesis of Sebaceous Carcinoma

  • Genetic Factors: Certain genetic syndromes, such as Muir-Torre syndrome and Brooke-Spiegler syndrome, have been associated with an increased risk of sebaceous carcinoma. These syndromes are characterized by specific gene mutations that predispose individuals to the development of multiple sebaceous tumors.
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation: Prolonged exposure to UV radiation, especially in individuals with fair skin, has been implicated in the development of sebaceous carcinoma. Protective measures such as wearing sunscreen and avoiding excessive sun exposure are recommended.
  • Immunosuppression: Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those undergoing organ transplantation or with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, have an increased risk of developing sebaceous carcinoma. This suggests that immune function plays a role in the development and progression of this malignancy.
Analysis of possible causative factors of sebaceous carcinoma.Fig. 1 Risk factors of sebaceous carcinoma. (Sargen Michael R., et al., 2021)

Targets of Sebaceous Carcinoma Therapy

PI3K/AKT/mTOR Pathway

Dysregulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, which plays a crucial role in cell growth and survival, has been observed in sebaceous carcinoma. Inhibitors targeting this pathway have shown promise in preclinical studies and hold potential for future therapeutic interventions.

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)

Overexpression of EGFR has been detected in sebaceous carcinoma, suggesting its involvement in tumor growth and progression. Targeted therapies against EGFR have shown efficacy in other cancer types and may be explored in sebaceous carcinoma.

DNA Mismatch Repair Deficiency

In some cases of sebaceous carcinoma, specific genetic syndromes are linked to mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. These mutations affect the DNA repair machinery, making it defective. Targeting this abnormal DNA repair mechanism holds promise as a therapeutic strategy for these particular cases.


Sebaceous carcinoma is known to be highly vascularized, indicating the importance of angiogenesis in tumor growth. Inhibitors targeting angiogenic pathways, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors, have shown promise as potential therapeutic agents.

Therapies of Sebaceous Carcinoma

  • Chemotherapy
    Systemic chemotherapy may be considered in cases of metastatic sebaceous carcinoma or when surgery and radiotherapy are not feasible options. Platinum-based agents, 5-fluorouracil, and paclitaxel have shown some effectiveness in controlling the disease.
  • Targeted Therapy
    Targeted therapies, such as inhibitors of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway or EGFR, hold significant potential for sebaceous carcinoma therapeutics. Furthermore, emerging immunotherapies, such as anti-PD1 checkpoint inhibitors, have shown promise in treating metastatic sebaceous carcinoma.

Our Services

Our company is dedicated to advancing the field of sebaceous carcinoma therapy through cutting-edge diagnostics and therapy development services. Our advanced diagnostic tests utilize state-of-the-art technology to accurately diagnose sebaceous carcinoma and assess its molecular characteristics.

Therapy Development Platforms

Animal Models of Sebaceous Carcinoma

Animal models play a crucial role in understanding the mechanisms of sebaceous carcinoma and evaluating the efficacy of potential therapies. Our company specializes in the development and utilization of relevant animal models to accelerate drug discovery and development processes.

Genetic Engineering Model Development
Through our expertise in genetic engineering and animal model development, we can help researchers generate accurate and reliable models that faithfully recapitulate the genetic alterations observed in sebaceous carcinoma.
Optional Modifier Genes TP53, RB1, MSH2, MSH6, ZNF750, NOTCH1, Others
Optional Species Mouse, Rat, Non-human primates, Others

Furthermore, we offer a wide range of personalized animal models tailored to meet various requirements. If you are interested in our services, please do not hesitate to contact us for further information and details regarding pricing and related services.


  • Sargen Michael R., et al. "Sebaceous carcinoma epidemiology and genetics: emerging concepts and clinical implications for screening, prevention, and treatment." Clinical Cancer Research 27.2 (2021): 389-393.
  • Wu Albert, et al. "Cutaneous sebaceous carcinoma." Australasian Journal of Dermatology 61.3 (2020): e283-e292.

All of our services and products are intended for preclinical research use only and cannot be used to diagnose, treat or manage patients.

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